Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Israel - Parties form coalitions

Lets start with the most recent poll and work our way out from there:

34 - Blue and White
32 - Likud
16 - Orthodox parties
13 - Joint List
10 - United Left
8 - Yisrael Beiteinu
7 - United Right
0 - Jewish Home

Blue and White, as you likely already know, is a coalition of Benny Gantz's Resilience party, along with Yair Lapid's Yesh Atid. Joining them is Moshe Ya'alon's Telem party. All are roughly centrist or Liberal in mindset. The party was united 11 months ago, and is fighting its third election as a united force.

Likud itself was once coalition as well; however, the parties that formed that coalition in 1973 united into a single party in 1988. The party is right-wing and nationalist in nature.

The Orthodox parties are not a coalition. Rather, it is a simple way for me to present the data by combining the two independent Orthodox parties, Shas and UTJ. Shas is not a coalition, and was formed as a breakaway part of Agudat Yisrael; while UTJ is made up of Agudat Yisrael, and Degel HaTorah. The parties support Orthodox and Religious viewpoints.

Joint List is a joint slate of candidates from the largest arab parties, each of which is a sort of coalition onto itself. The 4 parties are Ta'al, UAL, Balad, and Hadash; the latter containing the Communist Party of Israel. The party is generally both left and pro-arab.

United Left is a coalition between Labor-Gesher and Democratic Union. Labor-Gesher is a coalition between Labor and Gesher, while Democratic Union. is a coalition between Meretz, Democratic Choice and the Israeli Democratic Party, It should be noted the Israeli Democratic Party contains former Prime Minister Ehud Barak as its leader, but that he and his party are seemingly not part of this coalition. The party is left wing and progressive in nature.

Yisrael Beiteinu is hard to define, but could be described by what it opposes: arab parties, orthodox parties, and netanyahu. It has thus positioned itself in the centre, while remaining a right-wing party. It is still associated with the russian immigrant community, upon which it was founded.

The United Right is a union of the New Right and Tkuma. It is Nationalist to Far Right in nature, and strongly supportive of religious Zionism, with some strong secularist elements. It is perhaps the closest to the various neo-nationalist parties and candidates elsewhere in the world. (Bernier, Trump, Le Pen)

Jewish Home, or more accurately, United Jewish Home, is a union between Jewish Home and Otzma Yehudit. It is considered far right and heavily religiously Zionist in nature. Otzma in particular is seem as extremist and is considered by many to support anti-arab terrorism.

These 8 "coalitions" is how I plan to approach the Israeli election now that candidate lists have been finalized.

No comments:

Post a Comment